EDJC 2021 > Slovenia > Stolpersteine
Stolpersteine, erection of memorials (starting on Križevniška ulica, continuing on Vegova ulica and ending on Korytkova ulica) and opening of the Holocaust museum exhibition in Ljubljana: the Silberstein / Savić family and Vuk Ćosić's art exhibition Undeleted / Odizbrisani (In the Mini Theater at Križevniški 1; the program will also be organized as part of the 7th House of Tolerance Festival.) Stolpersteine In 1993, the German artist Gunter Demnig conceived the art project Stolpersteine (translated as stumbling stones), with which he wanted to pay homage to the victims of Nazism. As part of the project, he began placing memorial granite cubes on the sidewalk in front of the buildings with the last title of individual victims of Nazism according to the rule "one man, one stone, one fate". Stolpersteine are now placed in more than 2,000 locations across Europe and even in Argentina. In Slovenia, the first stumblers were erected in 2012 in Maribor, and 61 of these memorials have already been erected in Ljubljana by this year. The Holocaust in Ljubljana: the Silberstein family / Savić The Rice Mill, Auschwitz, Dachau, Kaufering and Leitmeritz are the names of the concentration camps that have forever remained in the memory of Stevan Savić, survivors of the Holocaust. Stevan Savić was born to Jewish parents as Alfred Silberstein in 1911 in Đurđenovac, Croatia. He also had an older brother, Josip, and a younger brother, Đuro. Due to growing anti-Semitism, he changed his name to Stevan Savić before the Second World War, and his family moved from Sisak to Ljubljana. In April 1941 he was mobilized in the Yugoslav army in Zagreb, a week later he was captured by the Germans, but he managed to escape from German captivity. A few weeks later, the Gestapo arrested him again. He was imprisoned in various police prisons, then released and lived in Ljubljana until the capitulation of Italy. Due to the German occupation of Ljubljana, he fled with his family to Venice. There, however, they were arrested and then deported first to the Rice Mill concentration camp, and later to Auschwitz, Dachau, Kaufering, and finally to Leitmeritz; here he awaited freedom. He returned to Ljubljana in July 1945. At the end of 1947, he began working as a chemical engineer at the Jugotanin factory in Sevnica. He also spent the rest of his life in this city. He died in 1980. The exhibition was prepared by the Posavje Museum in Brežice in cooperation with Mrs. Estera Savić Bizjak and the Center of Jewish Cultural Heritage Synagogue Maribor. Vuk Cosic: Undeleted The online interactive artist Vuk Ćosić designed the exhibition Undeleted - Reconstructed portraits of deleted Jewish fellow citizens of Ljubljana as an exhibition of posters with reconstructed portraits of Jewish residents of Ljubljana who were victims of the Holocaust. The portraits are images of "forgotten", "invisible", "erased" people who are now returning to the collective consciousness of the people of Ljubljana and Slovenian society through the Stolpersteine project, ie. installation of special stone memorial pavers "stumbling stones" in front of the entrances of the last dwellings where these people lived before they were expelled from Ljubljana. For some Holocaust victims, their actual portraits have been preserved, and to prepare “portraits” of those whose photographs have not been preserved, the artist has developed a special method of digitally reconstructing faces from online photographs of people bearing the same name and / or surname, and they also lived at about the same time as depicted, and the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The observer can see the faces from a distance when looking at the portraits, but when he approaches them, they turn into text.
09 September 2021
11:00 AM – 06:00 PM
Križevniška ulica 1 and 5, Vegova ulica 8, Korytkova ulica 22