Marmaures & Bukovina Family Roots Journeys

Introduction

Our routes cover the northern regions of Romania. These areas were mostly occupied by almost 300,000 Jews from a total of 800, 000 prior to WW II. Jews settled in Romania as early as 14 centuries mainly via the Ottoman Empire, former Galicia and Austria – Hungarian Empire.

The northern Transylvanian Jews were deported during spring 1944 to Auschwitz; the Bukovina Jews were deported during fall 1941 to Transnistria (today Ukraine). Tarbut services are devoted to the descendants of Auschwitz & Transnistria survivors and for people that their families immigrated to USA between the wars or even earlier.

The uniqueness of our “Family Roots Journeys” is the fact that the traveler is designing their itinerary as per Family Roots locations. There is always the synagogue, cemetery, home address house, school, city hall, maybe neighbors and anything else the family knows about their members. Tarbut provides genealogical advice, emotional support while meeting local artists and enjoying the traditional food and drinks.

Prior to World War II, Romania had a population of close to one million Jews

Romania is a large country divided into 41 counties. Most of the Jews who were affected by the Holocaust hailed from the western Romanian region of Northern Transylvania, which borders with Hungary and includes Maramureș County, and the region of Bucovina, in Romania’s northeast.

During the Holocaust, the Jews of Bucovina were deported to Transnistria, a complex of villages located in contemporary Ukraine which were converted into camps during World War II. The Jewish communities of Northern Transylvania and Maramureș were deported directly to Auschwitz. More than half of Romania’s Jews were murdered during the Holocaust. Some survivors went to Israel or the United States, and others returned to their hometowns to search for surviving family members. Some left Romania just before the Communist Regime took over the government; others were stuck until the early 1960s, when the State of Israel paid for each person in order to be able to leave Romania. About 250,000 emigrated to Israel, where they integrated exceptionally well into the Israeli society and workforce. Today there are about 5,000 registered Jews in Romania, mainly living in major cities such as Bucharest, Iasi, Cluj, Oradea and Timișoara. Unfortunately, there are many cities, towns and villages that no longer have any Jewish residents. Nevertheless, the Jewish heritage landmarks are well documented and stand strong in memory of the families who once lived there. They provide an opportunity for the families’ descendants to come visit and for the locals to witness the history of Jewish life.

One of Tarbut Foundation’s objectives is to serve the descendants of the former Jewish Regions with genealogical research and the Family Roots Journeys. We offer the Maramureș Route, the Bucovina Routes, and the Iasi Routes, with great emphasis on existing Jewish heritage landmarks, such as synagogues and other buildings that once housed famous Jewish residents or organizations. At the same time, we also highlight the monuments built in memory of those who did not return after the Second World War. Each Family Roots Journey is personally dedicated to family histories and individual stories, and we often find new stories while travelling. In this way, we give families the invaluable chance to walk in the footsteps of their forefathers. As for those who do not have familial ties to the area, we find that touring these regions is also personally enriching, as many sites are recognized by UNESCO. While travelling, visitors can learn about local folklore, the artistic and architectural heritage of wooden and painted churches, and the unique regional artisanal traditions. The regions also offer an array of summer festivals, making May-late October the best time to visit.

Explore the cities on this route

Peninah Zilberman

Peninah Zilberman

Born in Israel to survivor parents from Sighet (Maramureș) and Bucharest, Romania, Peninah served the Toronto Jewish Community for over 40 years, as a principal at Jewish schools, Holocaust Museum Director, and president of the Adath Israel Synagogue Sisterhood.
Peninah is the Founder and CEO of Fundatia Tarbut Sighet- Cultura si Educatie in Iudaica (FTS), established in 2014. The foundation planned the observation of the 70th Anniversary Commemorating the Sighet Deportations, followed by the All Generations Gatherings in 2015, 2017, and 2019. These gatherings attracted 1000 participants from all over the world.
FTS’ mission is to assist all Maramureș generations with their genealogy research and to organize Family Roots Journeys. At the same time, FTS provides Holocaust educational programs to the local Maramureș regional high school students and across Romania.
FTS has been an active member of AEPJ for the past five years, offering the yearly European Days of Jewish Culture to Romanians in the Maramureș area and beyond; as well as offering Jewish Routes in the Maramureș and Bukovina regions.
Ms. Zilberman is also the Heritage Adviser & PR Consultant for Beverly-Jane Stewart, a British artist behind the exhibit “Romanian Heritage: A Journey In Time”, which will tour London, Tel Aviv, and Romania in 2021
Ms. Zilberman is an active participant in all programs sponsored by JDC and the Jewish Federation of Romanian Jewish Communities.
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